The FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (P.L. 111-353) Renee Johnson

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Published: February 18th 2011

Kindle Edition

123 pages


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The FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (P.L. 111-353)  by  Renee Johnson

The FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (P.L. 111-353) by Renee Johnson
February 18th 2011 | Kindle Edition | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, talking book, mp3, ZIP | 123 pages | ISBN: | 4.55 Mb

The 111th Congress passed comprehensive food safety legislation in December 2010 (the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act, or FSMA, P.L. 111-353). Although numerous agencies share responsibility for regulating food safety, this newly enactedMoreThe 111th Congress passed comprehensive food safety legislation in December 2010 (the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act, or FSMA, P.L.

111-353). Although numerous agencies share responsibility for regulating food safety, this newly enacted legislation focused on foods regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and amended FDA’s existing structure and authorities, in particular via the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA- 21 U.S.C. §§ 301 et seq.). The new law does not directly affect activities at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), which oversees the safety of most meat and poultry.FSMA generally expands or modifies existing FDA authorities rather than creating a new food safety structure or authorities.

Among its many provisions, the new law will increase frequency of inspections at food facilities, tighten record-keeping requirements, extend more oversight to certain farms, and mandate product recalls if a firm fails to institute them voluntarily. The new law will require food processing, manufacturing, shipping, and other regulated facilities to conduct an analysis of the most likely safety hazards and to design and implement risk-based controls to prevent them.

FSMA also will facilitate the establishment of science-based “performance standards” for the most significant food contaminants. Other provisions in the new law are also intended to improve the nation’s foodborne illness surveillance systems. FSMA also mandates increased scrutiny of food imports, which account for a growing share of U.S.

consumption- food import shipments will have to be accompanied by documentation that they can meet safety standards that are at least equivalent to U.S. standards. Such certifications might be provided by foreign governments or other so-called third parties accredited in advance.

FSMA also contains provisions for certifying or accrediting laboratories, including private laboratories, to conduct sampling and testing of food, among other provisions. This report provides a detailed overview of these and other major provisions in the newly enacted law.The 112th Congress will likely provide oversight and scrutiny of how the law is implemented, including FDA’s coordination with other federal agencies.

Implementation of the law will depend largely on the availability of discretionary appropriations, and some have questioned whether funding should be provided in the current budgetary climate. In addition, the 112th Congress may consider changes to other food safety laws and policies that continue to be actively debated in Congress. Continued congressional interest in reforming the nation’s food safety laws and in monitoring food safety issues is expected, given other perceived problems with the current food safety system.



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